In today's tech-driven world, performance is core to any cutting-edge app. That's not always possible for developers because skipped frames and errors impact reliability and lead to negative user impressions.
That's why the use of Flutter has reached a point where it has become the most popular app development framework in 2021. Of course, you cannot achieve success without a solid understanding of this framework. To help you do that, we've listed some tips on Flutter app performance improvement.
Tips on Flutter App Performance Improvement
Do Not Rebuild Widgets
Too often, we see widget rebuild as a typical performance anti-pattern. Every user interaction with the widget will refresh the whole view. That, in turn, will impact the scaffold and the background widget, which only delays the app's ability to load fully. It is better to limit the rebuild process to the things you need to update. You can use the Bloc pattern to rebuild the necessary parts.
Const Keyword Can Help Split Widgets
By indicating that a specific variable has a constant value, the Const keyword prevents the programmer from changing it at the time of compilation. Not only will it help you use several widgets without sacrificing performance, but it will also help you rebuild widgets that require an update. In other words, it'll significantly lower the size of the build function and widgets.
When developing an app, it is essential to verify if the code is synchronous or asynchronous. You can start writing codes asynchronously using the Async/Await app. By inserting "await" after an async function, the following lines wait for the Future's results, so the operation appears synchronous. Of course, it is not easy to update or debug the Async code.
Keep the Opacity Widget to a Minimum
The Opacity widget forces the widget to be rebuilt after each frame, which could affect Flutter's performance, especially if you're dealing with animation. Instead of using an Opacity widget, it's better to apply Opacity directly to an image to minimize resource use.
Use the Opacity widget as little as necessary. Many users may use the Opacity widget to hide a specific widget, typical in other languages like Objective-C. For example, you can wrap a widget inside the Opacity widget to hide it.
Even if it works, it costs money to hide the widget on the screen all the time. It's probably cheaper to rebuild the widget using a method that doesn't require the Text widget. The Visibility widget is a better choice than Opacity to display the widget on the screen because there's no fractional opacity involved. It's either visible or invisible.
16ms or Less
Look at the skipping frames in your application and check which ones aren't built and rendered in 16ms or less. Since the build and render each require a separate thread, you must divide the 16ms by two. In other words, you must build the image in 8ms or less and render it in 8ms or less.
The 16ms threshold is more to increase battery power and control device temperature, as it doesn't significantly affect visual change.
Only Render Visible Widgets
When there's a long horizontal or vertical list of widgets, you want to control how many widgets appear on the screen simultaneously. You can do that using the ListView.builder, one of Flutter's best practices.
For instance, you can use ListView.builder when planning to develop a timeline of 50 posts. Instead, if you use a column or ListView constructor, there's a good chance that all posts will be created simultaneously once the app starts.
Avoid Using ListView For Longer Lists
Again, ListView.builder can help. If you can't see the entire list on a single screen page, it's better to use the ListView.builder than a column.
Why? Because only elements visible on the screen occupy memory space, and if they are not on the screen, the memory space will remain free. That's highly effective in optimizing memory and boosting performance.
Use Stateless Widgets to Avoid Splits
If the building method has different nesting levels, you can consider splitting the widget into multiple methods. This can dramatically affect the CPU's performance because Flutter has to rebuild all the small widgets, including the static ones, every time the main widget is rebuilt. To maintain the CPU's efficiency, you should use stateless widgets.
Use Flutter's Latest Version
The latest version is always improved and packed with new and enticing features. Flutter is a framework that is active and updated on a regular basis. Staying in tune with the recent version and implementing it into your development ensures the performance optimization of your project.
Minimize Application Size
Using various packages, scripts, and widgets is quite easy. However, storing all this data sometimes takes up a lot of memory, affecting the app's overall performance.
One of Flutter's best practices is to use Google's packaging solution, which helps in bundling various Android apps. There are many benefits to using the app bundle, including getting the original code directly from the Play Store. You can also go for a mobile app development company to complete the whole thing effectively. This brings us to the next tip.
Hire a Flutter App Developer
We probably saved the best for last. One of the most realistic ways to improve Flutter's performance is to hire Flutter developers. These teams work in small, effective groups that provide solutions for all platforms, meaning that you won't have to spend more time and money on bringing a new team for each platform.
That'll also give you enough free time to focus on quality and build native apps with a better user experience. Plus, since you're working with a single team, you'll get more flexibility and can immediately change UI and the code.
Utilize a State Management Library
State management is a non-negotiable factor for developing highly-performing flutter apps. Centralize your app's state and witness a fall in the rebuilds needed for UI updates. Multiple libraries are available, like Bloc, Redux, and Provider, with their own set of pros and cons. So, pick one that works well for your project.
Lazy loading can improve the overall performance of your Flutter app development. This technique will delay the loading of resources till the time they are actually required. This will improve the overall loading speed of the application.
So, there you have it. These are the top ten tips for Flutter app performance improvement and best practices. These tips can help you develop smooth, responsive apps with a minimum of stutters, errors, and glitchy frames.
Of course, this requires a certain level of experience, expertise, and infrastructure that may be beyond your current system. That's why we believe in outsourcing to a reliable Flutter app development company that fits your exact needs and budget.
Luckily, The One Technologies is a reliable provider using the latest trends and best practices to make Flutter app development effortless. Just contact us to get started!
What is the cost of Flutter app development?
A definite amount can only be determined by considering important factors like feature listing, time to develop the app, project complexity, and type of flutter developers you hire. However, the cost would be lower than the Native apps.
How much time is needed to develop a mobile app with Flutter?
The time to develop an app depends on the type and number of features, the experience of the Flutter app development company, and the business model chosen.
What is the Future of Flutter?
The Future of Flutter is bright and shining. Flutter is one of the most popular cross-platform frameworks with increasing demand. Apps can be developed fast and budget-friendly, which has made the platform immensely popular.
What are the benefits of building apps with Flutter?
There are multiple benefits of building apps with Flutter. Check them out:
- Hot Reload
- Customizable UI
- Speedy Development
- Access to Native Features
- Rich Widgets
- Public Access